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Maintaining a pond is the pride and joy of many land owners in Michigan. However, there are some important things to know about Michigan pond management. Whether you need help managing Michigan ponds for sport fishing or to simply maintain a small garden pond, here are some tips and tricks for aquatic weed control, algae growth, and equipment maintenance.
Debris and leaves are one of the greatest threats to the condition of your pond. As leaves decay, they release toxins that are detrimental to the ecological balance of your pond. This is why it’s essential to regularly skim fallen leaves off your pond’s surface.
In addition to skimming debris from the surface of your pond, you must also use a pond vacuum to prevent sludge from accumulating along the bottom and sides of your pond. For smaller ponds, you may choose to do a full cleaning (preferably in the early spring) by draining the water and moving all aquatic life into another container. You can then scrub the liner and bottom of the pond to remove all sludge.
You can determine the proper number of fish for your pond by evaluating the size of the reservoir. This is crucial if you are managing Michigan ponds for sports fishing or maintaining fish farms in Michigan as overpopulated ponds often have excessive fish waste, which causes an imbalance in the pond’s ecological system. As a rule, you should keep less than 10” of fish for every 100 gallons of water.
Just as maintaining the proper number of fish can affect the ecological balance of your pond, you must also ensure that you have the right amount of plants. Plants are excellent for keeping ponds properly aerated. However, having too many plants can cause oxygen deficiency at night. For proper Michigan pond management, always remove dead plants before they begin to decay, as this will affect the balance of your pond.
When maintaining larger ponds, such as Michigan ponds used for sports fishing or fish farms in Michigan, it’s especially important to implement techniques for aquatic weed control. Not only are aquatic weeds unpleasant to look at, they will also deplete the water of oxygen and interfere with your balanced fish population. Because aquatic weeds produce quiet water areas, they encourage mosquito breeding and impede proper drainage.
To manage the growth of weeds in your pond, it may be best to implement a few methods of aquatic weed control. Aquatic weeds can be removed manually, biologically (through the introduction of weed-eating fish), or with herbicide. While biological methods and herbicide are typically the easiest and least expensive methods of aquatic weed control, some manual weed removal is often necessary in proper Michigan pond management.
While purchasing equipment for your pond, be sure to keep the size of your pond in mind. A pump that is the proper size should circulate the pond’s water volume every hour, so selecting the right pump for your pond is essential for maintaining its ecological balance.
Your pond’s filter should also be chosen based on the size of the pond to ensure the water circulates properly. Keep in mind that most filter manufacturers base their size recommendations on ideal conditions, so it may be best to up-size your filter.
For larger ponds, you may need lines and fountains to maintain the balance of your pond. This equipment is prone to algae and limescale build-up and may require cleaning chemicals for proper maintenance.
A dropped water level is reason for concern when managing Michigan ponds for sports fishing. If you notice that the water level is lower in the summer, it’s likely that the water is evaporating and the temperature is too high. When water exceeds 75º Fahrenheit, it contains lower levels of dissolved oxygen, which will negatively impact the balance of your pond and kill fish.
If you notice your pond’s water level is low and the temperature is too high, top it off with cool, clean water. Be sure to avoid using water from the tap as this may introduce solutes into the water that stimulates algae growth.
We hope these tips help you maintain your Michigan pond. If you need more help with Michigan pond management, don’t hesitate to reach out to the team at Harrietta Hills Pond and Water Management. Give us a call at (877) 389-2514 or through our online contact form.